The Quit India Movement in Samastipur District
Samastipur remained not untouched even from The Quit India Movement. There was very much pathetic scene at Tun-Tunia Railway Gumti(Gate), quite near Samastipur Railway Junction, just close to Pirsthan(Dargah of Muslim) which was ever border between Vaishali and Vedeh and now border between Sonpur and Samastipur Rail Division. My Grand father named Shri Jageshwar Roy and his younger brother Rajeshwar Roy were rail employees(Fourth Class) in Engineering Department at that time. On August 14,1942, he was present on their duty. They used to tell us in my childhood about this historical event and later I learnt, too through newspapers. According to them, they were going to Muzaffarpur for mending the broken railway tracks which had been broken by revolutionaries. White paltans were also with them. Several revolutionaries were killed by the police. There were heaps of dead bodies at the Tuntunia Railway Gumti. The police were firing on the angry people from the running train in which Baudeva Jha of Loknathpur, Badan Roy of jitwarpur, Bachchan Bherihar of Dudhpura, Devana Alias Suryadeva of Daulatpur, Subba Jha of Ranitola, Ghuran Chaudhari of Bhayaspur, Mir Abdulla of Pokharaira, Baidnath Rawaf of Vithan, Shivshankar Pal of Musapur, Ramdeva Jha of Mehsari, Sevak Rawat of kasipur, Butai Mehri of Ranitola, Ramlakhan of Rampur Village of Hasanpur Block (letter was a student of present K.E.Inter School)took part in this movement. Besides them, Satya Narayan Sinha(Semopatti near Karpoori Gram Railway Station), Dr. Harivansha ‘Tarun’(Bahadurpur Muhalla), Shrimati Tara Devi (Kabir Ashram), Dr. D.K.Jha, Gaya Prasad Sharma, Sukhadeva Roy(Jitwarpur), Shatrughan Sharan Singh, Mehendra Narayan Singh, Shaukat Ali Azad Ram, Nirakshan Singh were notable freedom fighters of Samastipur.
Afterwards, the freedom fighters hoisted the national flag on the post office of Tajpur(A block of Samastipur District) in which the name of Bhola Prasad Sah was very notable. A group of youths set fire in Flex Godown in Pusa Farm (under this district). Tiranga flag was hoisted on Dholi Kothi(Muzaffarpur district.) where Agriculture college is situated today in which Uma Prasad Singh(Of Mahammada Village, muzaffarpur district), Jailoke Thakur took part in this compaign. After that the flames of rebellion spread out in Dalsingh Sarai (Sub division of Samastipur district). On August 14,1942, in the leadership of the chairman of the congress committee Shivanandan Singh, Nageshwar Singh (of Simari), a procession was taken out by organizing a meeting. The freedom fighters of this region set fire in the Railway Station and Tiranga(Three Coloured) was hoisted. During this event, the police beat parmeshwar Mahto mercilessly and later he died in Zail. The excited crowd wanted to set fire in Thana(Police Station) but remained in vain. Mathura Prasad Singh of pagada, Ram Govind Singh Sonar, Ramanand Brahmechari of Dalsingh Sarai were motivating the People to hoist the Tiranga. Shivanadan Singh (90 years old) whose one finger was cut by the bullet of the police tells that freedom fighters succeeded in hoisting Tiranga despite of this odd situation. First information Report (F.I.R0 No. 9(Nine) was registered by Thana Incharge Sub-inspector, Jagat Narayan Singh under the article 148,152,121,120(B) 436 I.P.C. And defence of India Act on August 15, 1942. At the order of S.I Jagat Narayan Singh, Baldeva Thakur (Constable), Radhe Thakur and constable Rajadeva Singh fired on the gatherings(rush). The Rakelavan Bhagat(Murvagopallpur), Baldeva Jha(Mau), Janki Chaudhari (Sohit), Ram Milan Sah(Mau) were set fire by the police. But the white military kept on firing in which Chaita Poddar, Anup Mahto, Bengali Dushadh of Gauspur, Nageshwar Lal, Saryug Kapar of Chakhabib, Sumiran Mahto and jageshwar Bhal of Dalsingh Sarai were killed. Domi Poddar, Chandrakant Vaji, Karu Tatma, Budha Gop, Bengali Dhanuk, Arhul Koiri, Devnarayan Chaudhari were injured. Tiranga was hoisted on several police stations in the leadership of Radha Prasad Singh, Shrinath Prakapan, Ram Nandan Singh, Shri Hit Lal Mahto, Shashi Bhushan Seth, Dhiraj Prasad Singh on August 17,1942. The Police Station remained under the control of the congressmen for twenty days. Similarly, the freedom fighters hoisted Tiranga on the Ruseraghat(Sub division of Samastipur district) police station and made slogan of ‘Vande matram’ in which Ramakant Jha,Yadunandan Singh, Thakan Chaudhari, Fatah Narayan Roy, Baleshwar Singh, Janki Devi(All are of Thahra), Rakeshwar Singh of Mahthi, Nandan Singh and Hit Lal Mahto hoisted Tiranga on the Singhia Thana(Police Station). At the even of Singhia, the raged white military fired the houses of the freedom fighters on August 23,1942 in which the houses of Radhakant Jha, Sohag Babati, Radhe Sah, Jiwachh Jha, Bhallu Kanu, Sadhu Rameshwar Singh were included.
The white Military started violent activities in Warisnagar block(Our home block) under the Samastipur Districts. The sabotage and violent activities were done in this region in the leadership of Vashishtha Narayan Singh(Inhabitant of Variyarpur Villager near Warisnagar and socialist leader and now ex.M.L.A), Rajendra Narayan Sharma(Inhabitant of Bhoreshahpur and Socialist leader and now ex. M.L.A), Satyanarayan ‘Vidyarthi’(Inhabitant of Gohi Village and Socialist leader),Thakur Prasad Sharma( In habitant of Gohi) and Harinandan Thakur(inhabitant of Rohua Village). About two killometers far from the Kishanpur Railway Station(Our Village, too), there was a huge Railway bridge of 32 pillars in Dhanhar village that was broken in the leadership of above leaders. This is an interesting event that a socialist thinker, freedom fighter and now ex. Chief Minister of Bihar, late Karpoori Thakur was also with them in breaking above bridge.
The most memorable event in Warishnagar block was that the Dhanahar Railway Bridge was broken. To break this bridge, Harinandan Thakur, Satya Narayan ‘Vidhyarthi’, Vashishtha Narayan Singh, Thakur Prasad Sharma told inhabitants of Rohua freedom fighters such as Ram Prasad Lohar, Sita Ram Amat, Sunder Dhobi, Harihar Amat etc. went there with Hammar, Chheni etc. and other tools, so that it might be broken. Consequently, that bridge was badly damaged by them. In response, the police arrested several people. The people of Gohi were collectively fined and Villagers had to pay the amount of fine. The Rohua Dyodhi and the house of Vashishtha Narayan Singh were burnt by spraying kerosene oil by the British police. Under the case no. 24, the charge was framed against the breaking of above bridge as the first accoused of Harinandan Thakur and the second one was Vashisthanarayan Singh.
They were, first of all, kept in the Samastipur Hazat (Small Zail) and later they were sent to Darbhanga Where they met Ram Nandan Mishra of Pator under the Darbhanga district. In course of interview, the villagers told us that Harinandan Thakur and Vashishtha Narayan Singh were beaten by spraying salt. Besides it, a shooting warrant was issued on Yugeshar Sharma. Acche Roy of Madhopur had to leave his railway service.
There is a neighbouring block of Warisnagar, Shivajinagar where Prayag Mandal, Deva Narayan Chaudhari and Mahavir Mandal made several contributions in The Quit India Movement.
There is also a neighbouring block of Warisnagar namely Kalyanpur block. In this region, Bajarang Prsad Sharma,(Jatmalpur), Munindra Singh(Virsinghpur), Shatrughan Prasad Singh(Dhurvagama), Mahant Jairam Das alias Ram lakhan Das(Janardanpur), Ram Nihora Thakur(Gorain), Ramdeva Thakur(Gorain), Ram Subhag Thakur(Gorai) Shrimati Dharohar Devi(Gorain Balha), Rajendra Thakur(Gorain Balha), Brahama Deva(Gorain Balha),Shrimati Tara Devi(Gorain Balha), Ranjit Singh(Gorain Balha), Shrimati Dhanmantri Devi(Gorain Balha), Sultana Devi(Gorain) played a significant role in The Quit India Movement in 1942.
The Patori block of the Samastipur district remained very active during ‘the August Karanti’ Shri Shatrughan Sharma(Chakasalempur), Radhe Prasad Sharma alias Krishna Chandra Singh(Jalalpur), Baleshwar Singh, Mahendra Narayan Sharma alias Bauaji(Jirapur), Ram Chandra Roy alias Ram Swaroop Roy (Dhamaun), Nagadeva Roy alias Singhji(Dhamaun), Jainarayan(Chaksalem), Baijanath Singh, Sukhadeva Singh (Gopalpur Vidyapatinagar), Shiva Nandan Singh(Gadhsisai), Ram Sharan Sharma (Jalalpur), left unforgettable stamp by fighting against then British rule in this region during The Quit India Movement.
There is a small place by name of Bithan were Bengali Mahto(Tenaraha), Radha Krishna Chaudhari, Shankar Prasad, jayashwal, Mahavir Mandal, Bachcha Babu(Baini), Pryag Mahto of Siho(Hasanpur) played a vital role in The Quit India Movement.
There is Vibhutipur block under Samastipur District where The Quit India Movement was very impressive. There are centres of freedom fighters such as Chakahbib, Samastipur, Kishanpur, Tabhaka and Mahthi. During this period, the role of Ram Sagar Singh(Samartha) Shrinath Prasad(Kapan), Jamuna Lal(Man Tola), Shivanandan Mishra(Tabhaka), Ramkirpal Chaudhari, Ramkhelavan Chaudhari(Kishanpur Tabhaka), Ram Prakash Barhi, Ram Varan Singh remained very signaificant and it can never be forgotten.
In, the light of above discussion, we can say undoubtedly that the common people were backbone of the freedom struggle. Now, historians have pious duty to bring about them on the pages of history in golden letters as they had done with the great men and women in the past. Even then there will be justification with the common people and their localities. In addition to this, micro study of history will be relevant today. It is a truth.
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