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The Quit India Movement And Samastipur District. A Study. Part – 1

The Quit India Movement And Samastipur District. A Study.

Surnedra Roy

AM-22822

AT +PO- Kishanpur

Distt :- Samastipur(Bihar)

                PIN- 848301

Mobile No. 9006530704

Tendency of historiography is passing through a great transitional phase these days. History of the great empire dynasty, different struggle movements and revolutions started by personalities, is not enough now. Several historians and researchers are in attempt to bring the common people who played a significant role in the past in the pages of history so that history –writing can be justified. Being servant and justice of society, historian has begun to write history of the common people and about their localities as well now. In the view of local historian Fauja Singh, “ In the pursuit of historical  research in India we have now arrived at point where further progress in this direction is to a very extent contingent upon advancement in our knowledge of Local history here stands not only for a regional history, such as history of the Punjab, Bengal,Gujrat, Maharashtra etc, it also stands for history of individual, towns, villages, educational institutions, manufacturing  units, temples, mosques and Khandqahs. The bits of new knowledge yielded microscopic studies involved in historical research on subjects of local importance are essential elements in the production of a macroscopic picture having in its purview the historical canvas of the entire country. It is a matter of real gratification that historians of India are new fully seized of the matter and already several organizations have been set up with firm commitment to research in local history”.

In addition to this, a micro study of history has been started to point out the role of subaltern in several freedom movements as well as in the building of the nation. This practice of historiography enriches, local history, too. Because local history does mean microstudy of local or common people with their localities.

Under the above norms of historiography, the topic of my paper is “The Quit India Movement And Samastipur District : A Study.

Background  :- This district Samastipur was founded by Haji Shamsuddin Ilyas of Bengal. This word “Shamsuddin” got converted into Samastipur. History is that the Nawab of Bengal, Shamsuddin Haji Ilyas set up mainly two towns named gradually Samastipur and Hajipur(It is now situated in Vaishali-old Republic of Lichhawi) in the Mithila region during 1339 to 1345. Again it was remodelled even in modern age, Seeing its former significance, the British government founded court in Dalsighsarai (Now its sub-division) and Diwani Adalat(Civil Court) in in Nagarbasti(Now it has been a village). Again both courts were shifted to Tajpur(Now it is a block of this district) in 1865. But both courts were permanently set up in Samastipur in 1889 which is in its existence by now.

        How far its connection to freedom struggles is concerned, it has played a significant role in almost all struggles. Samastipur was not untouched with even the revolt of 1857. The present Dronwar Dynasty of Narhan(Now it is Railway Station, a small town and known as Narhan Estate, too.) has helped freedom fighter Vir Kunwar singh. The fertile land of Samastipur attracted the British to establish kothi (Head Quarter of British Zamindari)and even a phobia existed for the British from the wise people of Samastipur. It is reason that the British had to install a strong part of paltan, ‘Bihar Light Horse’ in the region of Samastipur. The people of this region never accepted the slavery of British.

When Mahatma Gandhi arrived Champaran(North-Western part of Bihar), several people of Samstipur were with them in his Champaran movement,Dharnidhar Prasad was one of them who was renowned advocate of the Darbhanga district and another were Braja Kishore Mishra and Grivar Babu. They always continued to help Mahatma Gandhi. The farmers of Champaran were badly influenced by Tintkathiya System of the British government from which the peasants of Champaran were freed. Its credit goes to Mahatma Gandhi.Mahatma Gandhi and advocate Dharnidhar Prasad used to prepare draft of the statements of farmers. He kept on advising Mahatma Gandhi in this respect.

Afterwards, when Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-33) was started in the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi himself, the people of Samastipur actively participated in it. Thousand people went to Zail during this movement.  It seemed that the entire district had plunged into this movement. A procession of freedom fighters were taken out from every village. Men and women had been Diwana(mad) to change the British rule. The heart of British had sunk to see that scene. In course of this action, the houses of pandit Ram Nirilkshan Singh and Satya Deva Prasad Singh was looted which is remembered even today. Besides, the present High School of Dalsinghsarai was opened during this period.

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